Specific Learning Diability (SLD) / LD / Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning disability, which weakens a person’s proficiency to read and spell.

To understand Dyslexia you must be familiar with the process of reading. From birth to age three, a child listens to words and discovers how to speak. From three to four years of age their vocabulary grows and they learn to rhyme. At six years of age, they gain knowledge of merging letter sounds smoothly into words, and they initiate reading plain sentences. At seven to eight years of age, a child learns to read smoothly with comprehension. The left hemisphere of the brain is the core center for processing language. Verbal communication reaches the brain efficiently through the right ear, as the right ear communicates directly with the left hemisphere. When the right ear dominance is not attained then the child perceives sounds in a disorderly sequence, and the sound connects with the brain at varying speeds, which elucidates errors of reversal such as writing “was” or “saw”, “bat” or “dat”. Even though their distinctive brain makes reading, writing, and spelling complicated, most people with Dyslexia are talented in areas controlled by the right hemisphere of the brain. They can be creative, athletic, and have a high intellect, but still not fare well academically.

Causes Of Dyslexia
  • Hereditary.
  • Sluggish undeveloped speech or stammering.
  • Frequent colds and ear infections during childhood can weaken hearing.
  • Frequent throat infections during childhood.
  • Malfunction in areas of brain that is concerned with language, cognitive and intellectual functions.
  • Brain damage due to sickness or injury.
  • Vision or hearing problems.
  • Social problems, nervousness or hopelessness.
  • Deficiency in Omega 3 unsaturated fatty acids.
  • Chemical toxicities.

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Evaluation is a mental health assessment, where a psychologist checks to see if you are experiencing a mental health problem.

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Psychological treatments (also known as talking therapies) can help you change your thinking patterns and improve your coping skills.

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